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1770 Robe de Cour by Tadarida 1770 Robe de Cour by Tadarida
'Robe de Cour' or the 'grand habit' was a mandratory gown to be worn on formal occassions on the court. It appeared first in the late 17th century, under the reign of Louis XIV and evolved through the years (1670s: tadarida.deviantart.com/art/16… ).

At first, the skirt was worn over a hoop ( tadarida.deviantart.com/art/17… ). In 1740s, side panniers became popular and they were growing in size since then. Apart from the wide, flattener skirt, gown consisted of heavily boned bodice and detachable train. Bodice was laced in the back (very uncommon in 18th century, when almost all dresses were laced in the front!) and was cut separately from the skirt (also uncommon!). 

Gowns like this were very formal and uncomfortable. They forced a straight posture and were impossible to sit in. They were also impossible to wash. They were obviously not worn for everyday activities, but for some ocassions they were the only option.

Robes de cour were especially popular in France, but they were also worn in other countries - there's a lot of paintings from Germany, Sweden, Russia and others.
:iconveronarmon:
veronarmon Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2016  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
I really like it
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:icontadarida:
Tadarida Featured By Owner Feb 6, 2016
Thanks!
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